Christian self-understanding until Christianity was legalised in the 4th century. 415 Duffy (1997. 380 He travelled more than any other pope, visiting 129 countries, 381 and used television and radio as means of spreading the church's teachings. Historical dictionary of Catholicism (1997) online free Collins, Michael; Price, Mathew. The Eastern Catholic Churches are groups of faithful who have either never been out of communion with the Holy See or who have restored communion with it at the cost of breaking communion with their associates of the same tradition. 44 In the Catholic Church, universal positive ecclesiastical laws, based upon either immutable divine and natural law, or changeable circumstantial and merely positive law, derive formal authority and promulgation from the office of pope who, as Supreme Pontiff, possesses the totality. 178 The priest is bound under the severest penalties to maintain the " seal of confession absolute secrecy about any sins revealed to him in confession. 202 This is because it is considered the propitiatory sacrifice of Christ himself. Retrieved Pope Benedict XVI's declaration that distribution of condoms only increases the problem of aids is the latest and one of the strongest statements in a simmering debate inside the church. 150 Non-Catholics are ordinarily prohibited from receiving the Eucharist as well. 6, the church is headed by the, bishop of Rome, known as the pope. 397 " CCC, 10381041". 144 The Catechism of the Catholic Church categorises the sacraments into three groups, the "sacraments of Christian initiation "sacraments of healing" and "sacraments at the service of communion and the mission of the faithful". Both uses adapted Anglican liturgical traditions for use within the Catholic Church. 118 In Purgatory, the soul suffers, and is purged and perfected. MacMullen, Ramsay (1984 Christianizing the Roman Empire: (A.D. He does not deny the claim: yet certainly, had he been able, he would have done. quot;: "The use of the adjective 'Catholic' as a modifier of 'Church' became divisive only after the EastWest Schism. As the Father gave authority to Christ (Jn 5:22; Mt 28:1820 Christ passed it on to his apostles (Lk 10:16 and they passed it on to the successors they appointed as bishops." (see also Kreeft,. How the Catholic Church Built Western Civilization. 379 John Paul sought to evangelise an increasingly secular world. 113 Final Judgment Main article: Last Judgment Catholicism The Catholic Church teaches that, immediately after death, the soul of each person will receive a particular judgement from God, based on their sins and their relationship to Christ. Retrieved The word 'hallow' means 'saint in that 'hallow' is just an alternative form of the word 'holy' hallowed be Thy name.